Quality assurance encompasses the processes and procedures that systematically monitor different aspects of a service or facility. It involves planning, fulfilling, and monitoring activities. Software testing in IT companies is a process of verification and validation. To testing software, QA engineers should know software or application that is needed to be tested. He should know the expected results to verify and validate testing results.
All Manual and automation testing services:
1. Functional Testing Services:-
Functional testing is a kind of black-box testing that is performed to confirm that the functionality of an application or system is behaving as expected.
2. Alpha Testing
It is the most common type of testing used in the Software industry. The objective of this testing is to identify all possible issues or defects before releasing it into the market or to the user.
Alpha Testing is carried out at the end of the software development phase but before the Beta Testing. Still, minor design changes may be made as a result of such testing.
3. Alpha Testing is conducted at the developer’s site. An in-house virtual user environment can be created for this type of testing.
4. Acceptance Testing
An Acceptance Test is performed by the client and verifies whether the end to end the flow of the system is as per the business requirements or not and if it is as per the needs of the end-user. This is also called User Acceptance Testing (UAT).
5. Ad-hoc Testing
The name itself suggests that this testing is performed on an Ad-hoc basis i.e. with no reference to the test case and also without any plan or documentation in place for such type of testing.
Ad-hoc Testing is an informal way of finding defects and can be performed by anyone in the project. It is difficult to identify defects without a test case but sometimes it is possible that defects found during ad-hoc testing might not have been identified using existing test cases.
6. Beta Testing
Beta Testing is a formal type of Software Testing which is carried out by the customer. It is performed in the Real Environment before releasing the product to the market for the actual end-users.
7. Back-end Testing
Whenever an input or data is entered on front-end application, it stores in the database and the testing of such a database is known as Database Testing or Backend Testing.
In Back-end Testing GUI is not involved, testers are directly connected to the database with proper access and testers can easily verify data by running a few queries on the database.
8. Browser Compatibility Testing
Browser Compatibility Testing is performed for web applications and it ensures that the software can run with the combination of different the browser and operating system. This type of testing also validates whether web the application runs on all versions of all browsers or not.
9. Backward Compatibility Testing
It is a type of testing which validates whether the newly developed software or updates the software works well with the older version of the environment or not.
10. Black Box Testing
Internal system design is not considered in this type of testing. Tests are based on the requirements and functionality.
11. Boundary Value Testing
This type of testing checks the behavior of the application at the boundary level.
Boundary Value Testing is performed for checking if defects exist at boundary values.
If testing requires a test range of numbers from 1 to 500 then Boundary Value Testing is performed on values at 0, 1, 2, 499, 500 and 501.
12. Branch Testing
It is a type of White box Testing and is carried out during Unit Testing. Branch Testing, the name itself suggests that the code is tested thoroughly by traversing at every branch.
13. Comparison Testing
Comparison of a product’s strength and weaknesses with its previous versions or other similar products are termed as Comparison Testing.
14. Compatibility Testing
Compatibility testing ensures that software can run on a different configuration, different database, different browsers, and their versions. Compatibility testing is performed by the testing team.
15. Component Testing
It is mostly performed by developers after the completion of unit testing. Component Testing involves testing multiple functionalities as a single code and its objective is to identify if any defect exists after connecting those multiple functionalities with each other.
16. End-to-End Testing
Similar to system testing End-to-End Testing involves testing of a complete application environment in a situation that mimics real-world use, such as interacting with a database, using network communications, or interacting with other hardware, applications, or systems if appropriate.
17. Equivalence Partitioning
The aim of this testing is to remove redundant test cases within a specific group which generates the same output but not any defect.
Suppose, the application accepts values between -10 to +10 so using equivalence partitioning the values picked up for testing are zero, one positive value, one negative value. So the Equivalence Partitioning for this testing is -10 to -1, 0, and 1 to 10.
18. Example Testing
It means real-time testing. Example Testing includes the real-time scenario, it also involves the scenarios based on the experience of the testers.
19. Exploratory Testing
Exploratory Testing is informal testing performed by the testing team. The objective of this testing is to explore the application and looking for defects that exist in the application. Sometimes it may happen that during this testing major defect discovered can even cause a system failure.
20. Functional Testing
This type of testing ignores the internal parts and focuses only on the output to check if it is as per the requirement or not. It is a Black-box type testing geared to the functional requirements of an application.
21. Graphical User Interface (GUI) Testing
The objective of this GUI Testing is to validate the GUI as per the business requirement. The expected GUI of the application is mentioned in the Detailed Design Document and GUI mockup screens.
22. Gorilla Testing
Gorilla Testing is a testing type performed by a tester and sometimes by the developer as well. In Gorilla Testing, one module or the functionality in the module is tested thoroughly and heavily. The objective of this testing is to check the robustness of the application.
23. Happy Path Testing
The objective of Happy Path Testing is to test an application successfully on a positive flow. It does not look for negative or error conditions. The focus is only on the valid and positive inputs through which application generates the expected output.
24. Incremental Integration Testing
Incremental Integration Testing is a Bottom-up approach for testing i.e continuous testing of an application when new functionality is added. Application functionality and modules should be independent enough to test separately. This is done by programmers or by testers.
25. Install/Uninstall Testing
Installation and Uninstallation Testing is done on full, partial, or upgrade install/uninstall processes on different operating systems under different hardware or software environment.
26. Integration Testing
Testing of all integrated modules to verify the combined functionality after integration is termed as Integration Testing.
Modules are typically code modules, individual applications, client and server applications on a network, etc. This type of testing is especially relevant to client/server and distributed systems.
27. Load Testing
It is a type of Non-Functional Testing and the objective of Load Testing is to check how much load or maximum workload a system can handle without any performance degradation.
Load Testing helps to find the maximum capacity of the system under specific load and any issues that cause software performance degradation. Load testing is performed using tools like JMeter, LoadRunner, WebLoad, Silk performer, etc.
28. Monkey Testing
Monkey Testing is carried out by a tester assuming that if the monkey uses the application then how random input, values will be entered by the Monkey without any knowledge or understanding of the application.
29. Mutation Testing
Mutation Testing is a type of white box testing in which the source code of one of the program is changed and verifies whether the existing test cases can identify these defects in the system.
30. Negative Testing
Testers having the mindset of “attitude to break” and using Negative Testing they validate that if system or application breaks. A Negative Testing technique is performed using incorrect data, invalid data, or input. It validates that if the system throws an error of invalid input and behaves as expected.
31. Non-Functional Testing
It is a type of testing for which every organization having a separate team which usually called as Non-Functional Test (NFT) team or Performance team.
Non-Functional Testing involves testing of non-functional requirements such as Load Testing, Stress Testing, Security, Volume, Recovery Testing, etc. The objective of NFT testing is to ensure whether the response time of software or application is quick enough as per the business requirement.
It should not take much time to load any page or system and should sustain during peak load.
32. Performance Testing
This term is often used interchangeably with ‘stress’ and ‘load’ testing. Performance Testing is done to check whether the system meets the performance requirements. Different performance and load tools are used to do this testing.
33. Recovery Testing
It is a type of testing which validates how well the application or system recovers from crashes or disasters.
Recovery Testing determines if the system is able to continue the operation after a disaster. Assume that the application is receiving data through the network cable and suddenly that network cable has been unplugged.
Sometime later, plug the network cable; then the system should start receiving data from where it lost the connection due to the network cable unplugged.
34. Regression Testing
Testing an application as a whole for the modification in any module or functionality is termed as Regression Testing. It is difficult to cover all the system in Regression Testing, so typically Automation Testing Tools are used for these types of testing.
35. Risk-Based Testing (RBT)
In Risk-Based Testing, the functionalities or requirements are tested based on their priority. Risk-Based Testing includes testing of highly critical functionality, which has the highest impact on business and in which the probability of failure is very high.
36. Sanity Testing
Sanity Testing is done to determine if a new software version is performing well enough to accept it for a major testing effort or not. If an application is crashing for the initial use then the system is not stable enough for further testing. Hence a build or an application is assigned to fix it.
37. Security Testing
It is a type of testing performed by a special team of testers. A system can be penetrated by any hacking way.
Security Testing is done to check how the software or application or website is secure from internal and external threats. This testing includes how much software is secure from the malicious program, viruses and how secure and strong the authorization and authentication processes are. It also checks how software behaves for any hackers attack and malicious programs and how software is maintained for data security after such a hacker attack.
38. Smoke Testing
Whenever a new build is provided by the development team then the Software Testing team validates the build and ensures that no major issue exists.
The testing team ensures that the build is stable and a detailed level of testing is carried out further. Smoke Testing checks that no show stopper defect exists in the build which will prevent the testing team to test the application in detail.
39. Static Testing
Static Testing is a type of testing which is executed without any code. The execution is performed on the documentation during the testing phase.
It involves reviews, walkthrough, and inspection of the deliverables of the project. Static Testing does not execute the code instead of the code syntax, naming conventions are checked.
Static Testing is also applicable for test cases, test plans, design documents. It is necessary to perform static testing by the testing team as the defects identified during this type of testing are cost-effective from the project perspective.
40. Stress Testing
This testing is done when a system is stressed beyond its specifications in order to check how and when it fails. This is performed under heavy load like putting a large number beyond storage capacity, complex database queries, continuous input to the system or database load.
41. System Testing
Under the System Testing technique, the entire system is tested as per the requirements. It is a Black-box type Testing that is based on overall requirement specifications and covers all the combined parts of a system.
42. Unit Testing
Testing of an individual software component or module is termed as Unit Testing. It is typically done by the programmer and not by testers, as it requires detailed knowledge of the internal program design and code. It may also require developing test driver modules or test harnesses.
43. Usability Testing
Under Usability Testing, a User-friendliness check is done. The application flow is tested to know if a new user can understand the application easily or not, Proper help documented if a user gets stuck at any point. Basically, system navigation is checked in this testing.
44. Vulnerability Testing
The testing which involves identifying weakness in the software, hardware, and the network is known as Vulnerability Testing. In malicious programs, the hacker can take control of the system, if it is vulnerable to such kind of attacks, viruses, and worms.
So it is necessary to check if those systems undergo Vulnerability Testing before production. It may identify critical defects, flaws in the security.
45. Volume Testing
Volume Testing is a type of Non-Functional Testing performed by the Performance Testing team.
The software or application undergoes a huge amount of data and Volume Testing checks the system behavior and response time of the application when the system came across such a high volume of data. This high volume of data may impact the system’s performance and speed of the processing time.
46. White Box Testing
White Box Testing is based on the knowledge about the internal logic of an application’s code.
It is also known as Glass box Testing. Internal software and code working should be known for performing this type of testing. Under these tests are based on the coverage of code statements, branches, paths, conditions, etc. We develop both standard web-based products and complex corporate software solutions. Hundreds of companies have already taken advantage of WHIZ services to increase productivity, improve key workflows, and digitize their business with non-standard software solutions. The company’s specialists are able to explain to customers every line of code written by them. WHIZ provides software development and testing services. The company values clear communication and transparency of cooperation. software quality assurance company with a primary focus on testing automation in order to reduce the time to market of software applications. Develop Smart Tools and Predict Quality Methodology (Proprietary IP) that helps enhance productivity and reduce the cost of poor quality. The main focus of the company is: “To provide superior quality assurance and software testing services while treating clients and employees with total professionalism and respect”.